Categories: Essays

Top 20 Important Essay Topics 2021

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A Natural Disaster

A natural disaster is a natural phenomenon, which causes such widespread human material, or environmental losses that the stricken community cannot recover without external assistance. Examples include earthquakes, cyclones, storms, floods, drought, bush/ forest fire, avalanches etc.

Pakistan is facing natural disasters since its inception. The different kinds of disasters like; floods, earthquakes and droughts. The flood in 1972 was a most destructive and catastrophic that made homeless more than five million people. Then in 2010, the severity of this natural calamity was more than in the past .One fourth part of Pakistan was effected by this flood and more than ten million people remained homeless. The south part of the country, which is agriculture based and has poor people,

faced its worst history.

In 2005, earthquake in northern areas hit the vast population, almost a million people died and five million lost their homes, properties and business. These disasters effect every tier of life as economic, social, financial and agricultural. Pakistan’s economy that was already in worst conditions has become poorer than the past. The growth of Pakistan’s economy in 2006-2007 was almost 6% annually, but now it is only on 3%. The flood of 2010 has severally smashed the agriculture sector, which is backbone of Pakistan. More than 60% population of the country depends upon agriculture sector. The exports like textile goods, wheat etc of the country is also directly attached with this sector.

As Muslims we believe that Allah is Wise and everything that Allah does is right, just, and fair. We must submit and surrender to His Will. The Qur’an has not given us all the details about Allah’s Will, but it has enlightened us with the guidance that is useful and sufficient for us. The problem of the existence of evil in this world is a complex one and there is no one simple answer for it.

Therefore, the need of the hour is that government should take steps to control these calamities. It should build dams and embankments to save populated areas and early warning system and shifting of people to a save place. These would be helpful. We are also supposed to ask for forgiveness to Allah SWT.


Today corruption is almost a world phenomenon. It is, in fact, a universal problem, having existed in all ages, it has clung to humankind like an incurable disease, in a free and competitive society, and investment of capital can yield only reasonable returns in the end. However, corruption or acceptance of bribes promises a rapid change in financial conditions. Originally, the Police and P.W.D were notorious for corruption but now this evil has spread to almost every department of the Government. Even courts of justice and education are no exceptions.

Prevalence of corruption has created disappointment and discontent among the community. The machinery of Government gets rusted and ceases to work in the intended manner. Corruption decreases respect for law and sense of allegiance to the Government. In a society governed by corrupt officials, the whole system of moral, ethical and religious values is impaired. The distinction between right and wrong disappears. Revolutions and military take-over become common. Every student of history knows that one of the causes of the downfall of nations has been corruption. In his famous book “The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire” Gibbon has stated that as long as there were even two per cent honest men in the Roman administration, the Empire lingered on.

The factors that contribute to the prevalence of corruption differ from country to country. Those that are common in most countries including Pakistan are seven. First, general economic condition of the country is poor and everyone tries to feather his nest. Second, the rates of remuneration of public functionaries are low, and they are tempted to accept bribes. Third, the general price level and the standard of living are very high: honest means of a person fail him. Fourth, social conditions and customs demand lavish expenditure of money. Fifth, there exists no strong opinion against corruption; it has been accepted as a common thing. Sixth, laws confer on the public servants vast powers and discretions, they take undue advantage of that. Lastly, there are no adequate means to prevent corruption or bring the offenders to book.

To root out corruption, a complete change of the political, social and economic system is necessary. No revision of pay scales, however liberal, can reduce corruption. The reason is that the wealth targets aimed at by corrupt officials are very high. Similarly, a mere change in Government has to rely on ferment services for its day-to-day administration. Unless the motive for corruption is removed, corruption will continue.

Four steps, however, may be of some use. First, wide discretionary powers should be taken away from individual officials. Second, Anti-corruption Department should be made more effective. Third, the minds of the people should be changed by the prevalence of moral values. Last, the punishment for corruption should be exemplary.


Woman’s Role in Our Society

It s a clear fact that no society can make progress without women education .That is why in Islam education is compulsory for both men and women. Now women are not the second –rate citizen of the society. Islam has given a very honorable place to women. The advance countries women are working side by side with men.

Women are playing an active part in every field of life. They are working in college in schools factories offices and universities. They have proved themselves, good doctors’ nurses and strong workers. It is their education, which enables them to perform all such duties in a good way. About all women are nation builders. If they are well educated, they produced good citizens by training them well.

But it is regrettable that our women especially of rural areas are uneducated. They work in field along with the farmers. For them there are no proper facilities. If we want to develop our society with the ornaments of education, by education the women we can produce better mother, better wives and better nation builders. Islam has given them a very high status so we should facilitate them according to the Islamic principles.

In most of the countries, there is co-educated system. It means the studying of boys and girls at the same institution. Their classrooms are common, playgrounds and libraries are common. The same teacher teaches them. They travel by the same buses. From this point of view, this system is an obstacle. The advocates of this system say that in this way girls get rid of shyness. They know how to deal with men. It is /economical for poor countries like Pakistan. A healthy completion among girls and boys develops. They try to beat each other in fashion. Systems allow their daughters to red with the boys. Thus, girls are deprived of their rights.

The only solution to this problem is that there should be separate university for women. Now government has all resources to open the separate university. Therefore, career for women may be bright, if they are provided with facilities.

Education For Women

Female education is very important for the progress of any nation. Education in the modern age has become very vital both for men and women. The progress of a country depends on literacy. If literacy rate is low in a country, it remains backward and under development. In case of Pakistan, the literacy rate is alarmingly low. People living in villages do not educate their girls. The feudal lords have a prejudice against educating their daughters. There are numberless village in Pakistan where the arrangements for the primary education of girls simply do not exist.

No one can deny the benefits of education. It develops the inherent and latent faculties of man. Without it, a man remains in the darkness of ignorance and cannot make much progress. But it is strange that the people who are advocate of male education, want to deny this privilege to the womenfolk. This one sided and partial attitude is quite unjustified. If we examine the arguments of the critics of female education, we find that they are based on superstitions and prejudices. They argue that women are inferior to men in intelligence and so they are not fit for education. Moreover, they fear that if women are education, they will j refuse to do domestic work. Both of their fears have been proved by the women of every country. Moreover, educated women do domestic work more skillfully than the uneducated ones.

First, there are many benefits of educating women in all the developed countries of the world. Women play an active and important part in the life of their nation. In the last world war, they did wonderful work. This had been possible on account of their education. How can any nation progress when half of its populations women are ignorant and uneducated? An educated woman proves a better wife and better mother. She can look after the household affairs in a better way. In critical and hard times, she can come out of her home and can be of use to her family and nation.

Secondly, an educated woman is a blessing for her home and society. She is fully aware to her duties as a citizen of the state. She understands her responsibility towards herself, her family and her country.

Thirdly, an educated woman proves children. She can inculcate good ideas in their mind. She can make her children good citizen of the state. Uneducated mother have a simple and credulous mind. They do not have elementary medical knowledge so greatly essential for the health of their children. The mortality rate among the uneducated mothers is very alarming. Educated mothers will give the nation healthy, enlightened and decently brought up children.

Fourthly, an educated woman can prove a sincere and loyal wife to her husband. She can easily make understanding with her husband which is very essential to the married life. She is refined cultured. In the time of trial, she can become an earning hand to her husband. We can say that female education is necessary for the economic development of our country.


Problems of Karachi

Karachi is the biggest city in Pakistan and one of the most thickly populated cities in the world. Its population has increased rapidly and accordingly has given rise to many social problems. People of this metropolis are becoming more and more concerned about solving these serious problems, some of which are discussed below.

The ever-increasing rush of heavy traffic on the roads is resulting in heavy loss of human life. One day or the other, people suffer from accidents due to reckless driving. Some lose their vehicles and some go to the police. This is due to lack of civic sense in the citizens and violation of traffic rules. Traffic jams, road quarrels, untidiness and damage of public property are also the results of this problem. The government has not done any planning to control this situation in the past two decades.

In the same manner, the government has never emphasized upon population distribution. As a result, slum areas are rapidly being built, where poor labor lives. The disordered development of small houses is spoiling the outlook of the city, as well as creating problems of illegal electric connections, water supply and pollution. The authorities have failed to reclaim the locations from these people.

Another problem faced by the citizens of the city is the frequent power breakdowns. Every other day, K.E.S.C cuts down the electric supply without notice. This becomes a great hurdle for industries and that use electric machinery for their work. Disturbance and shortage of water supply is also a cause of discomfort among the citizens. Sometimes, the dirty and unfiltered water becomes a major factor in food poisoning, which usually takes place on celebrations, when demand of water in the city increases.

Lack of environmental care among people and drivers of public service vehicles is giving rise to pollution problems. Dust fills the air in most of the roads all the time. Improper turned cars fill the atmosphere with deadly smoke at hours of rush, which causes disease among the police officers and common public.

Karachi is also often subjected to terrorist activities. Bomb blasts and firings at public spots are resulting in great loss of human life. The terrorists deserve no less than capital punishment. It is the duty of the police to intensify their investigation to stop such activities.

For the well to do class, life in Karachi may be fascinating, but for other citizens it is a center of drawbacks. It is only through the concentrated efforts of each person, including the members of law-enforcing and administrative agencies, can we overcome these serious problems of the metropolis.



The Role Of Media

The term media is derived from Medium, which means carrier or mode. Media denotes an item specifically designed to reach a large audience or viewers. The term was first used with the advent of newspapers and magazines. However, with the passage of time, the term broadened by the inventions of radio, TV, cinemas and Internet.

In the world of today, media has become almost as necessary as food and clothing. It is true that media is playing an outstanding role in strengthening the society. Its duty is to inform, educate and entertain the people. It helps us to know current situation around the world. The media has a strong social and cultural impact upon society. Because of its inherent ability to reach large number of public, it is widely used to convey message to build public opinion and awareness.

The original idea behind the creation of various ‘media means’ was to entertain masses. Radio, TV, cinemas and magazines spend most of their resources targeting on entertaining items and programs.

One of major duties of media today is to inform the people about the latest happening around them and the world. They cover all aspects of our interest like weather, politics, war, health, finance, science, fashion, music, etc. The need for more and more news has evolved into creation of dedicated TV & radio channels and magazines. People can listen, watch and read latest news whenever and wherever they want.

Media is the overseer of the political system. If it plays its role honestly, it will be a great force in building the nation. It plays a great role in bringing common person close to their leaders.

Because of the power of media is so extensive and huge, it can be used to educate people with very little cost. However, unfortunately, because of moneymaking approach of media and lack of interest by government, very less work is done in spreading the education.

Almost all business concerns use the power of media to sell their products. They advertise in media for the enhancement of business purposes. Huge amounts of money are invested in media for marketing of a product.

Even though there is lot of plus points for use of media but there are also many disadvantages associated with it. Media has the bad effect of inducing baseless ideas through advertisements. People are forced to buy harmful or substandard products. Sometimes, the Media develops unnecessary sensation and distortion of truth to attract attention. Because of its power to build public opinion, the influence of media can make or break the government.

The media has the power of educating people, the good and the bad. Since it affect the eyes, the ears and the mind simultaneously nothing can overcome the influence of the media. The media in the advanced society should perform a noble mission of enlightening people and discourage sectarian, communal and divisive trends.

An Ideal Student

The child is father of the man.’ He, who is a student today, will be a responsible citizen tomorrow. Childhood is a stage of formation of character. A child is sent to school for essential training for his future life. School is a place where a student learns the value of discipline in life.

In this training ground, all efforts are made to mould a student’s life into an ideal character so that he may not have any problem in his later life. He is praised for his good work, and punished for his folly. Thus, he comes to know what is good and what is bad in this world. When this sense in him is properly developed, he becomes as ideal student. He can prove himself to be honest, obedient and bold in his character.

A free country like Pakistan demands many things from an ideal student. An ideal student is he who is conscious about his duties and responsibilities towards his religion, family, his society and his country.

An ideal student is he who bears a good moral character, who leads a simple life with noble thinking, and who is patriotic, respectful towards his superiors, and compassionate towards his juniors.

If a student scores high marks in an examination, it does not mean that he should be called an ideal student, unless he possesses all those good qualities. He may set an academicals record in the university, but he may prove to be a failure in his real life, whereas, a student, who may not make a bright academicals career, may prove himself an ideal stu­dent by virtue of his noble character.

An ideal student respects and loves his parents and teachers. He behaves, both in his family life and his school life, like a sensible person, and shares equally the joys and sorrows of others. He is truthful, loyal and disciplined. He is the future ideal citizen of the world.

An ideal student is a true patriot. He does not hesitate to sacrifice his personal interests, when the question of safe­ty of his motherland comes. In a natural calamity anywhere in the country, he volunteers himself for the service to the distressed. He gives preference to humanity than anything else in life.

An ideal student is strong, in both mind and body. He practices physical exercises regularly in order to keep his body and mind fit. All love him. He is the pride of his parents, his society, and his country.

An Ideal Teacher

An ideal teacher is a true builder of the nation. He is fearless, sincere and earnest in the discharge of his duties towards the students and the nation as a whole. An ideal teacher is considered as an object of admiration and devotion for the students.

An ideal teacher builds an everlasting impression on the minds of his students. Students then always remember ideal teachers and get them enshrined in their hearts. The hardworking and hard taskmasters are always remembered and loved by the students later. The students think that whatever position they have been able to attain is all due to the guidance or hard work of their teacher.

An ideal teacher tries to spend most of his time in the pursuit of studies. He is mostly after the latest information and researches on various subjects. He goes through the Holy Book, books and magazines to keep him well informed and to give up-to-date knowledge to his students. He treats the library of his school or college as a house of knowledge. He always tries to make the most difficult subject intelligible to his pupils. He has the art to understand the difficulties of students and come down to their level with compassion and sympathy. He always tries to be regular and punctual to set an example before his students. Time is money for an ideal teacher who thinks that loss of a second means loss of hundreds of minutes to the nation.

An ideal teacher displays extreme simplicity in spite of his extra ordinary academic attainments. He dedicates his whole life to the cause of education. He never allows his students to be idle or indiscipline. An ideal teacher is busy with his books and quest for some knowledge even after he is retired. In fact, ideal teachers never are retired since, with age, their depth of information and knowledge goes on increasing. They always remain a source of knowledge and guidance.

For an ideal teacher, all students are alike. He is never partial to any student and is always fair. An ideal teacher does not favor any student on grounds of his social status. He treats each student equally. He always remains simple in his habits. Ideal teachers are honored not only at the state level but also at the national level. Every year, teachers are selected for due recognition for their contribution to the cause of society by providing best education and guiding the students to build a better nation.


Load Shedding

One of key difference between a developing country and a developed country is the power management. Electricity has become a basic need, and its unhindered, continuous and smooth supply is the necessity, but in countries like Pakistan, it’s still a luxury and more or less an elusive dream.

Whether it is the mega city like Karachi or a remote small city like Kohat, the irritated story of dull power supply remains the same. Throughout the country, in all the five provinces, in every major or minor city, in every town or village, there nothing exists like solid and robust power supply.

The so-called load-shedding remains the integral part of rural and urban life. It does not even go away in winter, but in the summer, it becomes the thorn in the eye. The abuses and curses WAPDA and K.E.S.C. get in summer, if written on paper and loaded on Titanic, Titanic wouldn’t require a storm to get drowned.

Hide and seek role played by electricity only incensed the consumers more. It not only snatches the mental and physical peace, but also results in massive financial losses in regard of electronic appliances. Frequent power breakdowns have turned lives of people miserable.

Whenever the protests are raised, the government’s stubborn clowns shrug and with an intelligent and scornful frown blame the scarce water storage units. Whose fault it is? Who has to resolve these issues? Of course, it is the government duty. That is why they are the government. It is their responsibility provides the people with basic utilities like power supply and others. If there are problems, they are the ones to resolve them, if they cannot do it; they have no right to remain in power. In addition, why in the hell we always elect the people with stake who always deceive us. This is the time to think about it and raise our protest.

Pakistan As You See in the 21st Century

When the Muslims of India demanded a separate homeland for themselves, many people thought that the establishment of Pakistan was impossible. But Pakistan did come into being. It has not only survived many difficulties but has also made great progress in every field. Its survival and development have surprised all. We would like to see Pakistan at its best in 21st century, in the past years we enabled and demoralize. Unfortunately, Pakistan has not been politically very stable. But there is no need for despair. The people Pakistan agree on fundamental issues and priorities. In the economic field, hopes must be brighter. In 1947, we were a poor agricultural country growing a few crops. Very soon our country began to be industrialized. Its dependence on agriculture would be lessened.

Pakistan has taken a very short period in becoming a semi-industrial country. This fact gives us the hope that there would be even faster development in the coming years. We have step in computer world and the other modern technology and expected that in 21st century the computer will be the part of every department even the advancement is expected because the new coming generation is comparatively more intelligent than before. The modern schools and institutions are preparing the staff better than the before. We have already entered in manufacturing of many modern electronic equipment in future like in 21st century Insha Allah Pakistan will send satellite in space. Pakistani scientist will conquer the space. As the Allama Iqbal saying there is more world after the stars.

All these hopes are not just wild dreams. They have a solid foundations. They are founded on the fact that people of Pakistan are intensely devoted to their country. They want to make it a great country and for this, they are ready to make every effort and sacrifice. Moreover, they are true Muslims with firm faith in Allah.

Value of Sports

The connection between mind and body – the neglect of physical education – sports are the best means of physical development – they instill valuable qualities. The duke of Wellington’s remarks,

‘A sound mind in a sound body’ is an expression so familiar and so often quoted that its meaning is likely to have lost something of its edge and appeal. Yet it expresses a profound truth and formulates an ideal which every individual should set before himself. The body is the temple of the mind and is intimately connected with it. Bodily ailments stunt the growth of the mind, just as mental maladies affect the health of the body.

The education that is imparted in our schools and colleges is mainly intellectual. It is true that every school and college has a playground and offers facilities for sports like cricket and football. However, participation in games is not compulsory and little account is taken of it while awarding certificates and degrees. Besides, there is acute shortage of playgrounds in large cities. Our educationists should realize the organic connection between mind and body, and pay more attention and importance to the physical training of the young.

Outdoor games like hockey, football, basket ball and tennis are the best means of ensuring physical health and development. They have several advantages over other forms of exercise. They provide not only exercise for the body but also recreation for the mind. Exercising one’s limbs at home or in a gymnasium calls for some effort of the will; but boys and girls have natural inclination for sports and they derive exercise from them in an agreeable way, without specially exerting themselves. They return to their studies, feeling refreshed and energetic.

Sports also inculcate valuable qualities in young people. They learn how to cooperate with one another and to subordinate their selfish desires to the interests of the team. They learn to play the game, practicing fair play and showing generosity towards their opponents. In other words, they cultivate the quality of sportsmanship, which consists in playing a game according to its rules and accepting defeat with good temper. They are likely to follow the ideal of sportsman spirit in life also, showing honesty and uprightness in their dealings with others and never using unfair means to attain personal ends.

Value of Discipline

Discipline is the very foundation of society. It is one of the essentials of life. It is of great importance in all spheres of life. A child obeys his parents. Without it, life at home will become miserable. A student has to observe it; otherwise, no work will be possible. The players must work under discipline or they will lose the match.

Discipline is very necessary in the army. A soldier must obey his officer in every situation and face death, if need be, in the discharge of his duties. Even birds and beasts observe discipline. Animals move in a herd. They obey the leader. Birds fly in an orderly manner. Bees move in a swarm and follow the queen bee. The sun, the moon and the stars move in their paths and do not move an inch away.

Discipline can be best learnt when we are young. It is at school that we first learn to remain under discipline. We follow the rules without the least grumbling. We learn to obey. We develop in ourselves regard for the convenience of others.

Discipline is as necessary for studies as it is for games. There are the rules of the game and there is the referee. The players have to observe the rules of the game and obey the referee’s whistle; otherwise, it is not possible to play the game.

Above all, discipline should be self-imposed. It should come from within. We should be regular in our habits of food and sleep. This self-discipline is necessary for health and longevity.

Discipline being so important let us all be disciplined. It is then alone that our country can progress. If we are in disciplined, nothing worth the name will be possible. In schools and colleges, at home and in the street we must keep ourselves in discipline. It should be our motto in life.


Patriot is one who loves and serves his own country as a loyal citizen. He is called a true patriot who loves his coun­try and is ready to sacrifice his all for her cause, and whole-­heartedly works for the welfare of his motherland.

The land, on which one is born and brought up and lives, is naturally dear to him than any other land. This love for his birthplace grows into patriotism.

If his motherland is attacked by the enemies, he does not hesitate to fight for the protection of freedom of his native land. He can do anything to glorify his country. He feels proud of his country. This patriotic feeling can be found in many great heroes in history.

Since the French Revolution, the idea of nation and nationalism has occupied the mind of people. Since, the beginning of nation and nationalism, patriotism is hailed as a lofty quality with a person. The patriots sometimes sacrifice their lives for the good of their respective countries. This spirit of sacrifice has made patriotism a highly noble quality. Since there is the spirit of sacrifice in patriotism, patriotism is certainly justified. We have some duty towards the country in which we are born and live.

Patriotism is no doubt useful in the interest of the country and the nation. The nation is strongly built upon the sacrifice of the patriots. The patriots give their money, time, energy and life for the good of the country. A patriot thinks of his country. He wants that his country should be great and prosperous. He wants that his country should be ideal in every field. Therefore, patriotism is highly useful. Because it makes the people to think of their own country.

Patriotism is no doubt a good quality. However, we should always avoid the dark side of patriotism. We should not forget justice and fair play when we think the interest of our own country.


Patriotism means love and regard for the country. It is a natural instinct that men love the place where he gets birth and where he is brought up. It is one of the noblest passions of human nature. The love of country is natural and essential for everyone. Man is a social animal. He cannot live alone. He needs the assistance of other human beings. Therefore, the people belonging to one country are brothers and they work for the collective interest of the country. They struggle to flourish their country. The man, who works against the interest of his country, is traitor and he does not deserve any sympathy.

The only way to serve Pakistan is that we must be sincere with country. We must keep our personal interest behind and we must give supreme importance to the demands of our freedom. Country is not just a piece of land; it is not only the collection of mountains, rivers and valleys. It is the heritage of our dreams, aspirations, culture, traditions and our great religion. We love Pakistan because it is the centre of our hopes and future dreams. It is the land of our following generation. We must try to make it strong and undefeatable castle of Islam.

Patriotism is an active virtue. The real love urges man to do everything in his power for the welfare of his country. It makes him perform his duties honestly and devotedly. Patriotism makes him a good citizen, who is always ready to serve his nation with best of his talents. A good citizen is always ready to give sacrifices for his nation. Patriotism is a sacred passion, which makes the nation really strong and honorable. It is our duty to keep this passion alive in our hearts.

The great wars of the world were won only because of the extreme sense of Patriotism. Only those nations in the world survive and distinguish themselves, whose citizens keep a high and a very positive sense of Patriotism. Pakistan can become a strong country, when the people of Pakistan are patriots in the real sense of the world. Give you love to your country and it will give you all the blessings.

Inflation in Pakistan

Inflation refers to a continuous, general increase in the price of goods and services. Rise in prices is called inflation. Inflation at very fast rate is Hyper-Inflation, medium is Strato-Inflation and low lever is Creeping inflation. During the recent years, the rise has abnormal and it has endangered the stability of our economy nationally and individually. In Pakistan, inflation has become an unending disease to our economy. Once a state is caught in the circle of inflation, it is difficult for that state to get rid of it.

Various factors contribute to the rise in prices. Some are natural factors like unfavorable weather conditions, which affect the food production and lead to the shortage of commodities in the market. With more money chasing fewer goods, the prices take to the wings. Besides this natural problem, there are synthetic problems like hoarding which contribute to the rapid increase in prices. The trading

community, which senses a shorting of certain commodities, especially the essential commodities, they resort to large-scale hoarding. They release the hoarding products after increase in the prices and make a neat margin over their investment in the hoarded products. They get so much profit but it waters

The rise of prices in Pakistan can also be attributing to the despicable acts of traders. Their only motive is to get maximum profit and so they try to charge lots of money from the customers as much as possible. This has created a class of people who are becoming richer day by day and the other class is becoming poorer. Hoarding is also playing a bad role in escalation of prices in the commodities

One of the most important reasons for inflation is the deficit budgeting. In order to cover th e gap Pakistan has been printing more paper currency because foreign aid and taxes can not cover up the deficit. Therefore, there will be greater circulation of paper money. There will be hike in prices of domestic used products as the purchasing power of the people has increased. Wrong taxation policy has also been responsible for the rise in prices. The hike in taxes results in greater desire to avoid taxes. Thus public takes wrong way of not paying taxes and there will be escalation in prices.

Inflation is one of the obstacles on the way of development. In Pakistan, it has squeezed the major part of the population. It needs to be controlled by strategic planning. Domestic production should be encouraged instead of imports; investment should be given preference in consumer goods instead of luxuries, Agriculture sector should be given subsidies, foreign investment should be attracted, and developed countries should be requested for financial and managerial assistance. And lastly a strong monitoring system should be established on different levels in order to have a sound evaluation of the process at every stage.

Corruption in Pakistan

Corruption is a scourge (cures) that has badly affected the quality of governance, state of the economy and social justice available to the people. Corruption is defined as the misuse of entrusted power for private gains. In a recent survey conducted by the Transparency International, Pakistan’s ranking on the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) has gone from being the 42nd most corrupt country in 2011 to 33rd in 2012.

The root causes of the rampant corruption in the country are lack of effective accountability, poor performance on the part of respective institutions, unchecked and unlimited power of feudal for stakes. The presence of corruption and corrupt practices play a key role to engender the deteriorate law and order, shackle the economy which leads to the inflation, unemployment and poverty in the country. Its presence distracts a man from ethics, humanely attitude, tradition and civic laws.

The following are some examples of the damage that is caused by corruption: Defective, dangerous and inadequate infrastructure – poor and incomplete roads, badly constructed college buildings, fewer class rooms in schools that are liable to collapse with the first monsoon rains, railway tracks, hospital facilities, water projects, bridges or housing units. Abysmal education standards result when illiterate persons are recruited as school teachers for political reasons.

Many schools all over the country remain without teachers or fewer teachers to effectively educate students. More so, it is futile to talk about technical and engineering schools and the standards they have established. After three years of studies, neither the teacher nor his student knows the use of a drill machine.

Corrupt practices contribute to the inadequate number of beds in hospitals, no medicines for patients, as these are paid for but not procured or disposed of after their delivery at the hospital store. And, of course, there is no fuel in vehicles meant for transporting patients to hospitals. Most experts think that corruption is one of the most difficult problems in Pakistan’s society today. Its impact on the country’s towns and villages is extremely profound and poses a long-term threat to its culture, economics, and general well being of the people and the provinces where they reside.

The pervasive corruption in the country can be checked by applying certain measures. The government should ascertain the rule of law; it means equal application of law, equal protection by the law and equality before law, effective and impartial accountability, active role of media to eradicate the corruption are the few factors which can play an active to diminish the corruption.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Internet

According to the definition provided by Oxford dictionary, the Internet is an arrangement of connected computers, which lets the computer users all over the globe exchange data. At the present time, approximately 33% of the world population has accessibility to the Internet. The Internet is an extraordinary entertainment and learning tool that may be utilized in a number of modes to increase the ability of a user to collect information.

In the history of mankind, the Internet is the greatest development in the domain of communication industry. Similar to each and every invention, the Internet carries a number of advantages and disadvantages. Nevertheless, the advantages of the Internet are so huge in number that they outperform the disadvantages quite easily.

Advantages of Internet

Information: The biggest benefit offered by the Internet is information. It functions as a valuable resource of information. You can find any type of information on any subject with the help of the search engines like Yahoo and Google.

Communication: The primary goal of the Internet is communication. It has done extremely well in this field, however the development process is still going on to make it more dependable and quicker. By sending an e-mail, we can contact a person who is physically present thousand miles away within the fraction of a second’s time.

Entertainment: Internet functions as a popular medium of entertainment. A wide variety of entertainment including video games, music, movies, chat room, news and others can be accessed through the Internet.

E-commerce: E-commerce is the idea that is implemented for any form of commercial strategy or business transactions that entails transmission of data from one corner of the world to another. E-commerce has become a fantastic option through which you can shop anything.
Formation of communities: Internet helps in formation of communities or forums. Here a number of people can participate in different types of debates and discussions, express their views and gather valuable knowledge.

Services: A variety of services is offered via Internet, for example job searching, online banking, buying movie tickets, hotel reservations and consultation services etc. When you avail these services offline, they become more expensive.

Disadvantages of Internet

Spamming: Spamming denotes distribution of unsolicited e-mails in large numbers. They are meaningless and they unnecessarily block the whole system. These activities are treated as illegal.

Theft of personal details: While using the Internet, there is high probability that your personal details like name, address and credit card number may be accessed and used for fraudulent purposes.

Pornography: Pornography is definitely harmful for children and adult. There are numerous pornographic sites available over the Internet and watching any of those can have very bad influence on the mental health of children and adults.

Virus threat: Virus is a program that interrupts the usual operation of your personal computer system. PCs linked to the Internet have high probability of virus attacks and as a result of this your hard disk can crash, giving you a lot of trouble.


Advantages and Disadvantages of Science and Technology

Technology can be defined as science applied to practical purposes. Nowadays, when the rapidness of development and research is so impressive, it is easy to think about the advantages of modern technology. Nevertheless some people argue that science can destroy mankind. It is also obvious that we are close on an era where technology is limited only by our imagination. Therefore the most frequently asked question is: Does technology go the right way and will it save or ruin our civilization?

First, let us take a closer look about what does science and technology brings us. In the field of medical science it is very progressive and largely available. Without the needed technology, many people would struggle with their health. In addition, it saves many innocent lives and advances in medicines like fetal and organ transplants led to longer life expectancy. The point is to spread it and reach with medicine help to the poor nations of the Third World. Secondly, the advanced technology improves our means of communication like fax machines, cellular phones, web connections and other newest inventions in the field of communications that led to rapid information exchanges from any part of the world. Advances in the field of transportation system led to greater mobility. Technology also improves industry that led to economic growth. In short, technology improves our standard of living.

On the other hand technology if abused can cause environmental degradation. Technology produces by – products that pollute and destroy the ecological balance in nature. Technology is also responsible for the depletion of natural resources through exploitation of nature.

Science has been responsible for pollution and has given us the nuclear bomb, which threatens our very existence. However, in this also the fault lies not with science, but rather with man’s intention to misuse the discoveries of science. Science is not inherently good or evil. It is a way to acquire knowledge systematically, which is only a tool.

Technology is not at all bad as long as humans establish proper goals. Technology when applied should take into consideration aspects of human life and environment. Science can be used for the good of all if used. A common chain linking everything above is the human factor. The role of humans in this is the most important of all and if anything goes wrong, we can only blame ourselves, Science when improperly used can be molded into a potent force capable of wiping out life and its traces of the surface of earth. Think about it… we all have a role to play.


Terrorist Activities in Pakistan

Terrorism means the use of force or aggression against a person, groups or governments. The aims of such a destructive activity are to create fear and alarm in the messes. Terrorism is not a modern activity. It has been going on in the world for a very long time. In the past, the societies were not organized. However, in the old world, the robbers and dacoits waylaid people during their journey, robbed them of their belongings, and deprived the weak of their life. Now the terrorist activity has changed. It has become an organized government.

A regular terrorist organization usually works against the government. Its main object is to create disorder and anarchy in the country. The forces of law and order are weakened. The government cannot pay proper attention to build the nation and look after the welfare of its people. Most of their attention is diverted to curb the terrorists. Now a day, terrorists use modern destructive weapons to destroy the buildings, offices and public places like railway stations and airports. They implant bomb and cause a great loss to public property and life.

Terrorist acts are committed for various reasons. Some terrorist groups support a particular political philosophy. Other terrorist organizations fight against the government to get liberation on the ethnic basis. Dictators use violence to frighten or eliminate their opponents.

In Pakistan, the terrorist activities go on in a planned and organized manner. The reasons for their activities are quite obvious. The terrorists in Pakistan create violence, commit murder, implant bombs at public places, and kidnap people for ransom due to the following reasons.

  1. In Pakistan, certain groups kill one another on the basis of religious differences. They are financially backed and aided by foreign countries and anti-Pakistan secret services like RAW.

2.The terrorist activities are committed in certain parts of Pakistan on the basis of linguistic or ethnic differences. There are political organizations which are established on the ethnic or linguistic. They murder, kill or kidnap people from the rival or opposite groups

3.India has always tried to destabilize the political and economic stability of Pakistan. Its secret services RAW works in coordination with the Israel secret service MOSSAD and disrupts the normal life of the country through its agents. They create anarchy in the country by blasting bombs at different public places.

During the last many years, Pakistan has become a favorite place for the terrorist to execute their destructive activities. In the mosques, imam Bargahs, the places of worship and religious centers have innocent men, women and children are killed. During the year 2012, more than three thousand people have been killed in and more than five hundred citizens have been killed in Karachi. The terrorist activities seem to have become the routine matter in the country.

Terrorist needs to be checked carefully. The government should force all the people leave the country that are illegally present. It should arrange to shop the illegal flow of arms and money, into the country from abroad. All the secret services of Pakistan should work in coordination with one another and try their utmost to detect and identify the terrorists.


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