What is the purpose of communication? Verbal, Non-Verbal

Today’s topic is What is the purpose of communication? what is communication? and explain  Verbal, Non-Verbal & Written

Communication
Communication is the way of delivering and receiving thoughts.
There are two types of communication:
Verbal Communication: In this mode of communication we use our words to deliver our thoughts.
Non-Verbal Communication: In this mode of communication we don’t use the words but our body language to deliver our thoughts.
Language:
Language is the medium of verbal communication. There are more than 6000 languages spoken in the world. English language is the most spoken non-native language ‘Lingua Franca’ of the world that’s why it is known as ‘International Language’.
Methods of learning language: There are two methods of learning any language:
(i) Memorizing method
(ii) Grammar method
Grammar:
Grammar is a set of rules and regulations for understanding any language.
History of English Language:
The history of English language can be classified into three stages:
(i) Anglo – Saxon English OR Old English 1000 AD – 1400 AD
(ii) Middle English 1400 AD – 1800 AD
(iii) Modern English 1800 AD – till now
There are two major dialects of Modern English:
a) British English (UK)  Followed by Matric board & Inter board, Karachi.
b) American English (US)  Standardized dialect
Difference between British English & American Engish: Difference UK US Spelling Centre, metre, litre Colour, flavour, labour Organisation Programme Center, meter, liter Color, flavor, labor Organization Program Grammar I shall go there. I have gone there. I will go there. I went there. Vocabulary Toffee Silencer Truck Candy Muffler Lorry
Fundamentals of English Grammar
There are 26 alphabets in the English Language from A to Z.
There are 5 vowels (a,e,i, o, u) and 21 consonants.
There must be at least one vowel present in every word of English Language.
‘y’ is a semi-vowel which can be a vowel as well as a consonant.
Letter: A Single alphabetical character is a letter. For example: there are 3 letters in ‘cat.’
Word: A combination of letters which can give a meaning is called a word. (teacher, student, pen, book)
Sentence: Sentence is a group of words which can give a complete meaning.
For example: We are learning English these days.
Types of Sentences: There are five types of sentences.
(i) Assertive Sentence/Declarative Sentence: It gives some assertion/statement/declaration.
Assertive sentences follow simple sentence pattern. (Subject + Verb + Object)
Assertive sentences may be ‘Affirmative’ or ‘Negative’.
For Example: I am teaching you English. (Affirmative statement)
I am not teaching you English. (Negative statement)
(ii) Interrogative Sentence: This type of sentence shows an interrogation or question.
Interrogative sentences always ends with a question mark (?)
There are three types of Interrogative sentences.
a) Confirmatory Question: It starts with a helping verb and it is asked to confirm something.
Example: Have you purchased a new pen?
b) Explanatory Question: It starts with a Wh-word and it needs explanation.
Example: What are you doing now?
c) Tag Question: A tag question is always followed by a statement.
Example: You are my student, aren’t you?

(iii) Imperative Sentence: It shows an order or a request.
The sentence pattern is Verb (1st form) + Object.
Subject is missing in Imperative sentences because ‘you’ is understood.
Example: Open the door.
Please, close the window.
Don’t look at me.
(iv) Exclamatory Sentences: It shows sudden feelings of joy, sadness or surprise.
It starts with Interjection or it starts with What/How and ends with a mark of exclamation (!)
Example: Hurrah! We have won the match.
What a beautiful horse it is!
How foolish you are!
(v) Optative Sentence: It shows a wish or a prayer.
Wish sentences starts with Would that! Or O that!
Example: Would that! I were rich.
Prayer/Curse sentences starts with May and ends with a mark of Exclamation (!)
Example: May you live long!
May you die soon!
Phrase: A group of words that doesn’t make complete sense.
Example: in the market.
Paragraph: A group of sentences is a paragraph.
Essay: A group of paragraphs is called an Essay.
Types of Essays:
i) Descriptive Essay
ii) Narrative Essay

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