Today’s topic is What is the purpose of communication? what is communication? and explain Verbal, Non-Verbal & Written
Communication is the way of delivering and receiving thoughts.
There are two types of communication:
Verbal Communication: In this mode of communication we use our words to deliver our thoughts.
Non-Verbal Communication: In this mode of communication we don’t use the words but our body language to deliver our thoughts.
Language is the medium of verbal communication. There are more than 6000 languages spoken in the world. English language is the most spoken non-native language ‘Lingua Franca’ of the world that’s why it is known as ‘International Language’.
Methods of learning language: There are two methods of learning any language:
(i) Memorizing method
(ii) Grammar method
Grammar is a set of rules and regulations for understanding any language.
History of English Language:
The history of English language can be classified into three stages:
(i) Anglo – Saxon English OR Old English 1000 AD – 1400 AD
(ii) Middle English 1400 AD – 1800 AD
(iii) Modern English 1800 AD – till now
There are two major dialects of Modern English:
a) British English (UK) Followed by Matric board & Inter board, Karachi.
b) American English (US) Standardized dialect
Difference between British English & American Engish: Difference UK US Spelling Centre, metre, litre Colour, flavour, labour Organisation Programme Center, meter, liter Color, flavor, labor Organization Program Grammar I shall go there. I have gone there. I will go there. I went there. Vocabulary Toffee Silencer Truck Candy Muffler Lorry
Fundamentals of English Grammar
There are 26 alphabets in the English Language from A to Z.
There are 5 vowels (a,e,i, o, u) and 21 consonants.
There must be at least one vowel present in every word of English Language.
‘y’ is a semi-vowel which can be a vowel as well as a consonant.
Letter: A Single alphabetical character is a letter. For example: there are 3 letters in ‘cat.’
Word: A combination of letters which can give a meaning is called a word. (teacher, student, pen, book)
Sentence: Sentence is a group of words which can give a complete meaning.
For example: We are learning English these days.
Types of Sentences: There are five types of sentences.
(i) Assertive Sentence/Declarative Sentence: It gives some assertion/statement/declaration.
Assertive sentences follow simple sentence pattern. (Subject + Verb + Object)
Assertive sentences may be ‘Affirmative’ or ‘Negative’.
For Example: I am teaching you English. (Affirmative statement)
I am not teaching you English. (Negative statement)
(ii) Interrogative Sentence: This type of sentence shows an interrogation or question.
Interrogative sentences always ends with a question mark (?)
There are three types of Interrogative sentences.
a) Confirmatory Question: It starts with a helping verb and it is asked to confirm something.
Example: Have you purchased a new pen?
b) Explanatory Question: It starts with a Wh-word and it needs explanation.
Example: What are you doing now?
c) Tag Question: A tag question is always followed by a statement.
Example: You are my student, aren’t you?
(iii) Imperative Sentence: It shows an order or a request.
The sentence pattern is Verb (1st form) + Object.
Subject is missing in Imperative sentences because ‘you’ is understood.
Example: Open the door.
Please, close the window.
Don’t look at me.
(iv) Exclamatory Sentences: It shows sudden feelings of joy, sadness or surprise.
It starts with Interjection or it starts with What/How and ends with a mark of exclamation (!)
Example: Hurrah! We have won the match.
What a beautiful horse it is!
How foolish you are!
(v) Optative Sentence: It shows a wish or a prayer.
Wish sentences starts with Would that! Or O that!
Example: Would that! I were rich.
Prayer/Curse sentences starts with May and ends with a mark of Exclamation (!)
Example: May you live long!
May you die soon!
Phrase: A group of words that doesn’t make complete sense.
Example: in the market.
Paragraph: A group of sentences is a paragraph.
Essay: A group of paragraphs is called an Essay.
Types of Essays:
i) Descriptive Essay
ii) Narrative Essay
now tell me What is the purpose of communication? do you know then write in comments