What Is a Verb? Definition and Types of Verbs With Examples

What Is a Verb? | Definition and Types of Verbs With Examples
Verb is a word which shows state, possession, and action.
State verbs and possessive verbs are also known as ‘non-action verbs’.
Example:
Pakistan is my homeland.
Here, ‘is’ is a state verb
He has a new car.
Here, ‘has’ is a possessive verb
He is eating mango.
Here, ‘is eating’ is an action verb.

Types of Verbs With Examples

Verb

State Verb
(Be-Verb)

Present
(Is/Am/Are)

Past
(Was/Were)

Future
(Will be)

Possessive Verb
(Have-Verb)

Present
(Has/Have)

Past
(Had)

Future
(Will have)

Action Verb
Main Verb (Principal Verb)
Auxiliary Verb

State Verb/Be-Verb:
I am your teacher. (Present state)
I was in a party last night. (Past state)
You will be a doctor. (Future state)
Forms of Be-Verb
1st form
Is/am/are
2nd form
Was/were

3rd form
been

Possessive Verb:
I have a pen. (Present possession)
I had a parrot. (Past possession)
I will have a new car. (Future possession)
Forms of Possessive-Verb
1st form
Has/have

2nd form
Had

3rd form
had

Action Verb:
There are two parts of action verb.
(a) Auxiliary Verb
(b) Main/Principal Verb
Example: He is eating mango.
(is = Auxiliary Verb (Helping Verb) and eating = Main verb/Principal Verb)

He can swim easily.
(can = Auxiliary Verb (Modal) and swim = Main Verb/Principal Verb

Auxiliary Verb: Auxiliary verbs helps the main verb to form a sentence.
Auxiliary Verbs can be further classified into two types:
(i) Helping Verbs (is/am/are/was/were/will/do/does/did)  It determines tense.
(ii) Modals (can/could/may/might/must/would/should/ought to/dare)  It shows tense and extra sense like possibility, advisability etc.
Main Verb/Principal Verb: They are action showing words.
Example: run, teach, listen, jump etc.

Forms of Main Verb:
1st form / Present form / base form: Play, Write, Cut etc.
2nd form / Past form: Played, Wrote, Cut etc
3rd form / Past Participle form: Played, Written, Cut etc.
4th form / Present Participle form / Gerund form/ Verb (1st+ing) form: Playing, Writing, Cutting etc.
5th form / Singular form / Verb (1st+s/es): Plays, Writes, Cuts etc
The verbs having a suffix –ed in 2nd and 3rd form are known as regular verbs while irregular verbs doesn’t follow any specific pattern.
Types of Main Verb:

Transitive Verb

Intransitive Verb

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.